Expert’s Speak on Obesity – Part 1

obesity

According to latest statistics, India is the second country affected by obesity & diabetes. In a family of 4, two or three of them are above their body mass index level, and from there reaching obesity takes a limited time due to current lifestyle habits. Hear from our experts what they have to say about obesity.

What is obesity

Obesity is a condition of the body wherein there is an accumulation of body fat beyond a specified limit. Clinically speaking Obesity is a condition of excessive deposits adipose tissue in the body.  It is considered to be a vital factor of the health where in over 40 medical conditions are linked to obesity.  Some of the prominent diseases are hypertension (low and high), Hypocholesteremia, diabetes, (elevation in the sugar levels), brain and heart strokes, gall bladder stones, Osteoarthritis (calcium and bone disorder), PCODs, sleep issues and some kinds of cancers.

How childhood forms an important part in contributing to obesity

Accumulation of body fat is not an overnight phenomenon.  It gathers over a period of time.  Precisely stated it begins at childhood when food habits take definite shapes.  The seeds of physiological and psychological impacts are laid in the early stage of human development.
Several studies empirically establish the relationship of childhood obesity with health complications in the later stages of life.  Overweight and obese children are likely to remain obese into adulthood and more likely to develop complications of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at an early age.
Environmental factors today have enhanced the cause factors for obesity.  As children today have moved more indoors than before, dietary preferences undergoing a paradigm shift, and genetic background also playing its role, the imbalance between the energy intake and expenditure has grossly risen.  This goes forward in life with sedentary lifestyles coming into vogue leading to obesity growing to epidemic levels.

What is metabolism

All the chemical reactions taking place in the cells and organs of a living organism for its sustenance is called metabolism.  All the living organisms undergo metabolisms by which they attain the required energy.  Nutrition is a critical component in metabolism.  The breakdown of food we take, into nutrients needed for cells of our body, is why nutrition becomes important.  Calories (energy) are derived from these nutrients.  Further, there are nutrients which the body does not synthesize and those which need to be provided by external nutrition.  The variety of nutrients are required for building of the bones and muscles, for repair of tissues and for the efficient functioning of our body.

Can a person with good metabolism never gain weight

Metabolism differs from person to person and it can either be high or low.  However, the belief that someone with a high metabolism can never gain weight isn’t true.  The quality of food taken, balanced intake, frequency of eating, portion sizes, kind of physical activity, genetic predisposition, etc. also matter regarding weight gain or weight loss of an individual.

 How do we measure obesity

For now, BMI is the best option. It is recommended that one should rely on not just assessing body composition but measuring hormones and biomarkers in the blood or urine, to get a better handle on abnormal processes that may contribute to obesity and chronic disease. And until such tests become available, BMI may still prove useful yet — if a health coach combines BMI with a comprehensive evaluation of their patients’ medical history and lifestyle habits to get a meaningful, if not yet the perfectly precise picture of their weight-related health.
In the next post, you will know about fad diets, the role of exercise for fat loss. If you have any doubts, please mail us at coaches@leanspoon.com or log in to www.leanspoon.com.