Glaucoma – Symptoms, Types and Diet
Glaucoma is a condition where optic nerves get damaged due to high pressure in eyes. It is found from recent studies that glaucoma is becoming one of the leading reason for permanent blindness.
There is no recovery treatment for glaucoma, so regular check-up for eye pressure is crucial, especially for the people whose eye pressure is diagnosed as high. The high pressure of the eye fluid can rupture the optic nerves and can lead to blindness.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Symptoms depend on the stage of glaucoma. Here are a few;
- Severe Headache
- Eye Pain
- Blurred vision
- Eyes redness & patchy spots in the eyes
Types of Glaucoma
There are three main types of glaucoma
- Open-Angle Glaucoma– This is the common form of glaucoma. In this, cornea forms a drainage angle, and iris remains open, hence it enhances the pressure of the eyes. This accelerated eye pressure damages the optic nerves and slowly leads to permanent blindness.
- Angle-Closure Glaucoma– In this form, iris closes the drainage angle formed by the cornea. Thus, eye fluid, cannot circulate throughout the eye, hence increases the eye pressure, the main factor to develop glaucoma.
- Normal-tension Glaucoma– In this form of glaucoma, optic nerves get damaged despite having normal eye pressure. Usually, if the optic nerves are too sensitive then this form of glaucoma may occur.
Relationship between diet and glaucoma
Usually consuming a diet which is deficient in Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Zinc for a prolonged period may develop glaucoma. Vitamin A and Zinc can maintain eye health. Foods like green leafy vegetables, lean meat, eggs, broccoli, soybeans, carrot, milk are rich in vitamin A and zinc.
Risk Factors of Glaucoma
Glaucoma demands a profound medical attention. There are few risk factors, that may trigger the attention to be taken care-
- Being over age 60
- Having the family history of the condition
- Having medical conditions like diabetes, anemia.
- Having an eye injury
- Taking corticosteroid medications.
It is always important to pay attention to your eye health. Consuming high Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Zinc enriched food can protect the eye health. Development of any risk factors of glaucoma needs a comprehensive care and attention. Regular eye check-up, a healthy diet can reduce the chances of developing Glaucoma.
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mayoclinic.org. (n.d.). diseases-conditions-glaucoma.